Terminology used in Martial Arts

Please note that this terminology is not comprehensive. More words will be added over time and it shall grow, so keep it in mind if you need to look up a word or term.

General & Kobudo Terms

Japanese Term English Explanation
Age Rising
Ago Jaw
Akagashi Red Oak – wood used in making weapons
Ana Hole, Opening
Arigato Gozaimasu Thank you
Ashi Leg or Foot
Ashi Yubi Toes
Atemi A Strike to the vital point on the body
Atemi Waza Techniques used to strike vital points on the body

Japanese Term English Explanation
Barai Sweep
Bo Wooden Staff
Bo Jutsu Art of the Staff
Bokken Wooden Sword
Bunkai Analysis, interpreting Kata
   
   
   

Japanese Term English Explanation
Chimu Liver
Chudan Middle Level, Mid-Section
Chushin Heart Centre
   
   
   
   
   

Japanese Term English Explanation
Dachi Stance
Dai Large, Big – used in Kata Names
Dan Degree – of Black Belt Ranks
Doitashimashite You are welcome
Douzu (Dozo) Please or by all means
   
   
   

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Japanese Term English Explanation
Gambate Kudasai Do your Best
Gokurosama Deshita Thank you for trying your best
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

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Japanese Term English Explanation
Itadakimasu Bon appetit
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

Japanese Term English Explanation
Joseki Upper side (Right of Dojo)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

Japanese Term English Explanation
Kamiza Upper Seat or shrine
Karada To Bugu Issho Weapon and Body are One
Konban Wa Good Evening
Konnichi Wa Good Afternoon
   
   
   
   

 

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Japanese Term English Explanation
Ohayogozaimasu Good morning
Onegaishimasu Please help me
Oyasuminasai Good Night
   
   
   
   
   

 

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Japanese Term English Explanation
Reigi Proper Etiquette
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

Japanese Term English Explanation
Saigo Last Technique
Saisho 1st Technique
Sagarimasu Go backwards
Shimoseki Lower side (left of dojo)
Shimoza Lower Seat
Shugo Line Up
   
   
   

 

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Japanese Term English Explanation